Internet of Things- We are now in the post-PC era, when everyone has a smartphone and is linked to the internet. Nobody wants a phone that can’t connect to the internet. If you go a day without using social media, you’ll feel like you’ve lost out on a lot and are cut off from the rest of the world.
The interconnection and coordination of web-enabled electrical devices with one another over the internet, which gather, send, and perform on information from the environment, is known as the Internet of Things (IoT). Because it currently supports and comprises everything from wireless sensor networks, computer systems, virtual worlds, virtual meetings (interactive technologies), and cloud computing, it has evolved into Internet of Everything. Technology advancements have permitted the development of a wide range of technical solutions, ranging from e-commerce to e-health.
With all of this in place, it presents its own set of issues. Cyber-attacks have become more exposed to security concerns as a result of the Internet of Things.
Viruses and Malware threat
Viruses and malware continue to pose a significant threat to the Internet of Things because no antivirus or firewall can protect the entire network from such a security issue. To make matters worse, the majority of IoT components lack security capabilities such as the ability to install security software such as antiviruses. As a result, when a virus or malware is released, it spreads quickly throughout the internet because most of the primary component devices lack security safeguards.
Only a small percentage of IoT devices receive system updates, and many of the others are left open to any risk simply because they haven’t been upgraded. As a result, when malware, a harmful software inserted into systems for nefarious reasons, attacks, it has the potential to bring down an organization’s entire system. Mirai malware, for example, was the most devastating in the IoT age. It struck on October 21, 2016. It browsed through Internet of Things devices, attempting to log in and infecting them. It was successful, and a large portion of the internet went down with it, including Twitter, Netflix, CNN, Reddit, and many others.
Ease for the Hackers
We will have over 40 billion linked gadgets by 2020. This carries a high risk, as security is a key concern and problem of IoT, even if it appears to be an advantage. As more devices get connected to the internet, the security concerns increase day by day, owing to the fact that no one considers security when creating IoT devices. As a result, all of these interconnected gadgets are vulnerable to hackers, who are interested in assisting them in devising new ways to profit from an unsecured network. Furthermore, producers of IoT software and devices play a significant role in encouraging hackers. They use default passwords that are simple and predictable, such as “admin,” making it easier for hackers to harm the entire system. Authentication is another significant difficulty, as there is none in the internet of things. Anyone can access the internet, resulting in a never-ending security and privacy issue.
Things to do to make IoT better
For everyone to benefit from Internet of Things services, security and privacy must be prioritised so that no one feels endangered when utilising IoT. Businesses require systems and devices that are not subject to hazards and that are protected against IoT-related threats. Devices, gateways, and data services are the three layers of the Internet of Things, and each layer requires its own set of assurance methods and controls. For device security, developers must provide users with authentication, integrity, and privacy. It is critical for users to feel secure when logging into their accounts using passwords that are both unique and difficult enough that no one can guess.