What are the Best Cybersecurity Programming Languages?

Programming Skills
Programming Skills

What are the Best Cybersecurity Programming Languages?- Although a scarcity of cybersecurity talent and skills has contributed to the rise in cybercrime, insecure apps and systems are partly to blame. For designing safe and resilient applications, DevSecOps is a must. The notion encompasses development, security, and operations, and it entails adhering to best practises to provide a secure development environment and deliver trusted and safe products to end customers. Cyber actors, on the other hand, can still work around and breach even the most secure systems.

To avoid this, cybersecurity professionals must have a wide range of skills in order to detect security flaws in a system and implement appropriate mitigations. As a result, in today’s cybersecurity field, having a good programming experience is critical.

Programming’s Importance in Cybersecurity

“Aside from keeping up with the newest occurrences in the cybersecurity industry, you also need to be acquainted with numerous programming languages,” says Henrique, a Python specialist and trainer located in Brazil.

Security workers should “identify the best programming language for cybersecurity, your particular piece of the rapidly developing cybersecurity field, and get familiar with the basics,” according to Jason Robert, a navy veteran with various cybersecurity credentials.

Programming knowledge, without a doubt, allows cybersecurity experts to analyse software to find security flaws and vulnerabilities, identify malicious programmes, and execute activities that require cybersecurity analytical skills. The programming language used, on the other hand, is determined by the desired abilities, which could include computer forensics, web application security, network security, virus analysis, and software security. In any event, cybersecurity specialists with a programming experience have a competitive advantage over those who lack the abilities.

Aside from that, learning to programme is essential for gaining the high-level talents demanded of an ideal cybersecurity specialist. Virtualization software, networking, operating systems, system administration, system designs, and other critical components of an IT system must all be shown by a knowledgeable cybersecurity professional. Having a thorough understanding of system architecture allows cybersecurity specialists to view the larger picture. They can correctly identify vulnerabilities and make recommendations for safeguarding all access points to prevent breaches and assaults.

Firewall management and configuration, network switches and routers, network designs, and network load balancers are all topics that cybersecurity professionals should be well-versed in. Virtualization and network technologies offer unrivalled benefits to company operations, but they must be secure. With cloud computing taking centre stage in most company processes, cybersecurity teams must understand how web browsers and other web-based apps are developed and protected. They act as a user interface for cloud services. Finally, significant programming skills are required for cybersecurity professionals to ensure proper security.

Not every cybersecurity position necessitates a programming background. Individuals do not need high-level programming knowledge for the majority of entry-level professions. Intermediate and expert professionals, on the other hand, must have it. Knowing how to programme assists cybersecurity pros to stay one step ahead of dangerous hackers. It is possible to exploit a system design if you have a thorough understanding of it. “Not all cybersecurity professionals have, or require, coding abilities,” says Jason Robert. However, without any knowledge or at least one language, your options may be limited.”

Programming languages, moreover, are critical in the development of secure applications and systems. To connect business operations with their IT side, most businesses have turned to Agile and DevOps approaches in recent years. “The idea is to put more effective working relationships in place to increase the flow of work, as well as the quality and pace of that work,” says Scott Prugh, Chief Architect and Vice President of Software Development Operations for SSG International.

During development, developers should focus more on ensuring that a new web-based app or product has adequate security processes. Inadequate security allows hackers to quickly break into networks, posing a risk of data loss and compromise. Despite the fact that most modern businesses use powerful monitoring software and secure servers for data storage, they are still unable to completely keep cyber enemies at away. As a result, developers bear a greater share of the burden of assuring the security of all products in development. The importance of programming skills is highlighted by the necessity for strong security.

Best methods for learning code for beginners

Programming is not a prerequisite for entry into the cybersecurity field, thus it is not a barrier for newcomers. However, learning to code is a must for anyone interested in a cybersecurity profession because it is a necessity for advancement to intermediate and expert levels. A simple method consists of two steps: increasing programming awareness and increasing programming proficiency.

Developing a programming awareness

It’s vital to remember that entry-level cybersecurity employment qualifications are more general. Beginners should consider a technical role as a quick and easy way to obtain hands-on skills and experience in order to build programming awareness.

The greatest time to develop programming awareness and earn proven experience and skills is usually at the start of a cybersecurity career. Identifying the programming code, comprehending the core programming components and techniques, and analysing the code to decipher its purpose are all part of this strategy. The greatest technique to develop and build programming awareness is to follow a disciplined practise that incorporates writing code as new programming concepts are introduced.

Developing proficiency in programming

Being a fully qualified coding expert in a given programming language does not always imply programming aptitude. Instead, it can construct its own code by combining existing resources and troubleshooting code written by others. A cybersecurity analyst who can use the Python programming language to write a script to automate repetitious processes, for example, can be regarded a coding expert.

It’s similar to raising awareness when it comes to programming. The difference is that advanced programming classes, whether online or in a collegiate setting, are required, with a focus on using programming concepts to design a secure solution.

What are the best cybersecurity programming languages?

Python is one of the greatest programming languages for cybersecurity

Python has long been a popular language in the field of cybersecurity. It is, without a doubt, one of the most important cybersecurity programming languages to master. Because it is a server-side scripting language, coders do not need to compile the script they have written. It’s also a general-purpose programming language, which means it’s utilised in tens of thousands of cybersecurity projects.

Because Python is simple to learn and use, most security developers utilise it to create cybersecurity technologies. It includes a lot of white space, which makes it simple to learn for newcomers. Python has grown in popularity in recent years, not only among cybersecurity experts but also among data scientists. It is used by large corporations such as NASA, Google, and Reddit for a variety of development projects. An extensive set of libraries, a straightforward and unambiguous syntax, and simple code readability are all elements that contribute to the popularity.

“Considering its extensive library of powerful packages that supports Rapid Application Development (RAD), clean syntax code and modular design, automatic memory management, and dynamic typing capability,” writes a Medium writer, “it doesn’t come as a surprise that Python is one of the most sought-after programming languages for cybersecurity.”

Cybersecurity experts may leverage their Python programming skills to scan wireless networks by sending TCP packets without relying on third-party tools, construct and simulate attacks, create malware detection systems, and create an intrusion detection system. Python is also a popular cybersecurity language since its capabilities are very compatible with scientific applications and data analysis methodologies. As a result, it’s appropriate for data analysis, desktop apps, and back-end web development, all of which are important elements in improving cybersecurity.


Despite the fact that few people like JavaScript, it is one of the most widely used programming languages today. Almost all major browsers now support it, and almost all web developers use it on a daily basis. The programming language JavaScript is one of the most widely utilised for web development. A cybersecurity professional’s ability to perform duties like pen-testing web-based systems and applications and bug bounty hunting can be harmed if they don’t comprehend JavaScript.

Furthermore, JavaScript is used in cross-site scripting attacks, which is one of the most common security weaknesses in web applications. Cross-site scripting occurs when hackers exploit an input weakness on a target website by writing scripts in JavaScript to take control of the website’s control functions. JavaScipt is “one of the best cybersecurity programming languages you can learn,” according to Jason Robert. JavaScript is for you if you want to steal cookies, modify event handlers, and do cross-site scripting.”

As a result, a cybersecurity specialist with a solid JavaScript background is required to maintain a website’s security and to mitigate and prevent cross-site scripting assaults. Manipulation of event handlers and working with cookies are two further JavaScript use cases for a cybersecurity specialist.

Structured Query Language (SQL)

Many businesses have become data-driven as a result of high rates of technological adoption. To deliver products and services, uncover new market niches, and compete effectively with rival competitors, they must collect and analyse a variety of data kinds.

Databases are used effectively by businesses to manage the collecting and storage of business data. Most database management systems are written in the Structured Query Language (SQL) programming language, which is one of the most used programming languages in database management. At the same time, the majority of attacks are data-driven, as hackers frequently infiltrate networks and protected systems in order to gain access to sensitive data.

As a result, knowing the SQL programming language can assist cybersecurity professionals in enhancing the security of databases that house sensitive data. Malicious actors, for example, utilise SQL injection attacks to inject databases. An SQL injection is the process of locating and exploiting a SQL fault in order to obtain credentials for numerous users to access a database. A hacker uses SQL to gain unauthorised access to a database and extract data from it. SQL injection can also be used by a cybercriminal to add new data or modify existing data in a database server, jeopardising its integrity and confidentiality. A cybersecurity specialist must have extensive knowledge of the SQL programming language in order to avoid and detect database issues.


The PHP programming language is widely used by businesses and individuals to create websites. As a result, cybersecurity specialists whose job responsibilities include protecting and securing websites will find it useful. PHP has also grown in popularity in recent years as one of the most important languages for developers to learn. Understanding the language offers a person with great development skills, allowing them to eventually transition into the cybersecurity profession.

The language is also used in desktop application development, mobile app development, and back-end development by developers. PHP is an important language and a prerequisite for cybersecurity professionals due to its many applications. Security teams can use linguistic knowledge to safeguard and minimise cybersecurity risks in desktop programmes, operating systems, and mobile apps, among other things.

It’s also worth noting that businesses utilise PHP as a server-side language that works in tandem with HTML to provide an environment in which a website can function properly. To make updating websites easier, web developers utilise the PHP programming language to link databases to website URLs.

PHP is very vulnerable to cyber-attacks as a result of its use cases. As an example, cyber enemies can use DDoS assaults to make a website unusable and finally shut it down, erasing the site’s data in the process. As a cybersecurity professional, it’s critical to grasp PHP and how PHP programmes work. Information security teams can use this knowledge to spot security flaws and fix them before attackers strike.


One of the best coding languages for cybersecurity specialists is Java. It’s a common language that comes in handy in a variety of scenarios. Java was one of the first programming languages, and it’s still used to create operating systems and platforms. Solaris, Linux, macOS, and Microsoft Windows are among them. Because it powers both new and legacy web servers, it is widely employed across many industries. Spring MVC and Apache Tomcat are two of them. Moreover, since the launch of the Android operating system, the Java programming language has been installed on billions of smart devices. As a result, contrary to popular belief, Java is an important programming language because both hackers and cybersecurity specialists use it in their work.

The Java programming language has numerous applications in the field of information security. Cyber adversaries, for example, utilise it to reverse-engineer commercial software products in order to find and exploit software defects. To ensure that such flaws are identified before the bad guys, cybersecurity specialists must have a good background. Furthermore, penetration testers employ Java to create highly scalable servers for delivering payloads. One of the most important jobs of a cybersecurity specialist is penetration testing, and knowing Java makes the process easier.

Furthermore, advanced ethical hackers employ the Java programming language to construct and develop cutting-edge ethical hacking systems. In contrast to other programming languages such as C++, this one is dynamic. As a result, writing a security testing programme in Java allows ethical hackers to run it on numerous platforms that support it. Finally, designing hacking tools for pen testing Android devices requires a thorough understanding of Java. Android devices and operating systems are popular and extensively used, therefore thus require strong security to protect sensitive information.

“Java is significant for security practitioners because it is so extensively used,” according to a Cybersecurity Guide article. According to several industry estimates, Java is installed on over 95% of enterprise PCs and 88 percent of all computers in the United States.


Organizations and people utilise HTML to create practically all websites, despite the fact that it is a markup language. HTML is a simple and vital language for website creation, thus cybersecurity experts need to grasp it. It is one of the most basic and straightforward programming languages available.

As with the JavaScript programming language, hackers can use a cross-site scripting attack to inject HTML code into a web page. The hacking strategy can allow cyber adversaries to spoof website contents, supply false information to site visitors, and deface websites to deliver deceptive information, preventing businesses from making money.

HTML expertise is an essential skill for cybersecurity experts. Being able to communicate in the language can help you acquire a job as a front-end developer. Implementing safeguards to minimise vulnerabilities, permitting content spoofing and cross-site scripting attacks are among the responsibilities of such a profession.

C Programming

C is a programming language that has been around since the 1970s. It is still widely used today since it is simple to understand and allows cybersecurity engineers to detect vulnerabilities in apps and systems. It is also useful for reverse-engineering operations.

Because cybersecurity teams can dismantle a malware programme to understand its architecture, propagation, and impacts, the C language is used in reverse engineering to support the development of antivirus solutions. C programming is also necessary for programmers who need to verify that their code is free of security issues or vulnerabilities. Before starting an attack, cyber attackers can utilise the language to find exploitable weaknesses in a system.

Lint, for example, is a code analyzer developed for C programmes. Various variations have emerged since its start. Lint can be used by both security professionals and attackers to find programming errors, vulnerabilities, and other flaws in a computer system’s security. Lint is a tool that programmers and cybersecurity professionals can use to examine an application before releasing it into production. Cybercriminals get an advantage by failing to scan their code for vulnerabilities.

Individuals interested in a career in cybersecurity should be familiar with C programming. These tasks include vulnerability assessments, researching and offering solutions for emerging threats, and putting in place appropriate mitigations. The C programming language aids cybersecurity specialists in performing forensics procedures and security incident investigations.


Understanding the C++ programming language, which is an upgraded version of the C programming language, is also essential. While the language is based on the C programming language, it has certain distinct features. In comparison to C, C++ supports objects and classes. C++, on the other hand, is speedier and has superior performance than C.

“C makes it easy to shoot yourself in the foot; C++ makes it tougher, but when you do it, it blows your whole leg off,” says Bjarne Stroustrup, the developer of C++.

Experts in cybersecurity can benefit from knowing the language because it allows them to swiftly identify vulnerabilities and security problems. Infosec teams can use a scanning system like Flawfinder to detect security issues in C++ code. When you run a scan with the programme, you’ll get a report that lists all of the vulnerabilities you’ve found, as well as their severity ratings and effects on an application or system. The security tool has a built-in database that contains known language function risks. The programme may be used to identify security threats such as bad random number generation, format string errors, and buffer overflows.

Because the C and C++ programming languages are so similar, most businesses prefer cybersecurity professionals who are fluent in both. Developing mobile and desktop applications, as well as ensuring that they are free of vulnerabilities and defects, are some of the job responsibilities.


Assembly is a critical programming language for cybersecurity specialists because it can be used to disassemble malware programmes to figure out how they infect and spread. Cybersecurity professionals must constantly protect against old and new malware, and they must gain a better understanding of how malware operates. If a person has prior expertise with higher-level languages, learning Assembly is much easier.

Assembly language is especially important because cyber criminals use it to create malware programmes. As a result, Assembly code can be used to reverse-engineer known malware in order to find appropriate remedies. The language is critical in providing cybersecurity engineers with the knowledge and abilities they need to understand and defend against malware threats. Assembly code also allows for the creation and implementation of mitigation mechanisms in the event of a malware attack.

Jennifer Thomas
Jennifer Thomas is the Co-founder and Chief Business Development Officer at Cybers Guards. Prior to that, She was responsible for leading its Cyber Security Practice and Cyber Security Operations Center, which provided managed security services.