Where Should Firewalls Be Placed In A Network?

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Introduction to firewalls

A firewall is a network security device that monitors and filters incoming and outgoing traffic to protect your network from outside threats. Firewalls can be hardware, software, or both. They are typically placed between your network and the Internet to protect your network from external threats.

What is a firewall?

A firewall is a security device between your computer and the Internet. It filters traffic coming in and out of your network, blocking any malicious traffic. Firewalls can be hardware devices, software programs, or a combination.

When choosing where to place your firewall, there are a few factors to consider. The first is whether you want a hardware or software firewall. A software firewall may be all you need if you have a small network. For larger networks, however, hardware firewalls are usually a better option.

Another factor to consider is where your bottleneck is. This is the point in your network where traffic slows down the most. Placing your firewall at the bottleneck ensures that all traffic passing through it is properly inspected.

Finally, you’ll also want to consider which firewall best fits your needs. Several different types of firewalls are available, each with its advantages and disadvantages. The right one for you will depend on your specific needs and requirements.

How do firewalls work?

Firewalls are one of the most important components of a network security strategy, yet their placement often needs to be understood. Let’s look at how firewalls work and where they should be placed in a network to clear up any confusion.

Firewalls are a barrier between a trusted internal network and untrusted external networks like the Internet. They inspect incoming traffic and block any that is deemed to be malicious or unauthorized. Firewalls can be hardware devices, software programs, or a combination.

When it comes to choosing where to place a firewall, there are three main options:

  1. On the network’s edge: This is the most common firewall placement. They can protect internal resources from external threats by placing them on the network’s edge.
  2. In the middle of the network: Placing firewalls in the middle can be beneficial if you want to segment your network into different zones. For example, you could have a DMZ (demilitarized zone) for public-facing servers and another zone for private servers. By placing firewalls between these zones, you can add an extra layer of protection.
  3. Distributed throughout the network: A firewall architecture is often used in large enterprise networks. In this setup, firewalls are placed at different points throughout the network to provide comprehensive protection.

The different types of firewalls

Several different types of firewalls can be used to protect a network. The most common type of firewall is a hardware firewall, a physical device between the network and the Internet. Hardware firewalls can be divided into two categories: perimeter firewalls and internal firewalls.

Perimeter firewalls are placed between the Internet and the internal network and act as a first line of defense against attacks. Internal firewalls are placed within the internal network and protect against threats from within the network.

Another type of firewall is a software firewall, a program that runs on a computer and protects that specific machine. Software firewalls can be either host-based or network-based. Host-based firewalls are installed on individual computers, while network-based firewalls protect an entire network.

Finally, there are also cloud-based firewalls, which run in the cloud and provide protection for networks connected to the Internet. Cloud-based firewalls can be either web application firewalls or virtual private networks (VPNs).

The benefits of firewalls

Regarding network security, firewalls are one of the most important tools. A firewall can protect your network from external threats by blocking unwanted traffic and controlling access to your network.

Many different types of firewalls are available, and each has its own strengths and weaknesses. The best way to determine which type of firewall is right for your needs is to consult a qualified IT professional.

Once you’ve decided on the type of firewall that’s right for you, the next step is deciding where to place it in your network. The location of your firewall will depend on several factors, including the size and layout of your network and the level of security you require.

In general, it’s best to place firewalls as close to the perimeter of your network as possible. This will help to ensure that only authorized traffic is allowed into your network.

You may need multiple firewalls to provide adequate protection if you have a large or complex network. In this case, it’s important to carefully plan the placement of your firewalls to avoid creating any security gaps.

By taking the time to properly secure your network with firewalls, you can help protect your data and resources from external threats.

The best places to put firewalls in a network

When it comes to securing a network, firewalls play a vital role. But where should they be placed in a network? This blog post will look at the best places to put firewalls in a network.

The network topology is one of the most important things to consider when placing firewalls. That’s because the location of the firewall will determine how effective it is at protecting the network. For example, if you have a star topology, the best place to put a firewall is at the center of the network. This way, all traffic has to pass through the firewall and can be inspected for any malicious activity. is allowed and what traffic is blocked. This will ensure that your network is as secure as possible.

If you have a bus topology, it’s best to place the firewall at the end of the bus. Any traffic that passes through the firewall will have already been through the rest of the network and, hopefully, be clean when it reaches the firewall.

Another thing to consider is what type of traffic you’re trying to protect against. If you’re mostly concerned with external threats, place your firewalls closer to the perimeter of your network. But if you’re also worried about internal threats, you must place your firewalls closer to your internal servers and devices.

No matter where you decide to place your firewalls, make sure that they’re properly configured and that you have rules in place that define what traffic important factor to consider when placing firewalls is the network size. If your network is small, a single firewall might be enough to protect it. But if your network is larger and more complex, you might need multiple firewalls in strategic locations throughout the network. This way, each firewall can protect a specific area of the network.

Finally, it’s also important to remember that firewalls can’t always stop all malicious traffic from entering your network. That’s why it’s important to have additional security measures such as intrusion detection/prevention systems and antivirus/anti-malware tools. These additional security measures will help ensure that any malicious traffic that does pass the firewall is quickly identified and blocked before it causes any damage.

In summary, when deciding where to put firewalls in a network, consider both the topology of the network and its size. Additionally, you should also make sure to implement other security measures alongside your firewall to provide maximum protection for your network.

Where should firewalls be placed in a network?

There are a few schools of thought regarding placing firewalls in a network. The most common approach is to place a firewall between the Internet and the internal network, as shown in the diagram below.

Another approach is to place a firewall between the DMZ and the internal network. This configuration is often used when an organization has sensitive data they want to protect from being accessed by outsiders.

A third option is to combine both approaches, with one firewall between the Internet and the DMZ and another between the DMZ and the internal network. This provides an extra layer of protection for your most sensitive data.

No matter which approaches you to choose, it’s important to ensure your firewalls are properly configured and up-to-date with the latest security patches.

How to configure firewalls?

When configuring firewalls, there are a few key things to remember:

  1. It would help if you decided where the firewall should be placed in the network. There are a few different options for this, and the best option depends on your specific network setup.
  2. You must configure the firewall to allow traffic from the trusted network to pass through and block traffic from the untrusted network.
  3. You need to test the firewall to ensure it works correctly.

If you need help figuring out where to start, a few resources can help you. The first is the documentation for your specific firewall product. This can usually be found on the manufacturer’s website. The second is a how-to guide for configuring firewalls in general. These can be found online with a quick search. Once you have read through these materials, you should understand how to configure firewalls for your specific needs.


Firewalls play an important role in keeping your network secure. They can be placed at the edge of your network to protect against external threats or within the internal infrastructure to limit access and control user activity. If you are still determining where they should be placed in your network, consult a professional IT security expert who can help you choose the right locations for optimal protection. With their help, you’ll know that any malicious attacks will be prevented before they even have a chance to do any damage.

Mark Funk
Mark Funk is an experienced information security specialist who works with enterprises to mature and improve their enterprise security programs. Previously, he worked as a security news reporter.